News Pouch 9 April 2019

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Pandemic Threats and Health Emergencies

News Pouch: 9 April 2019

Topics: 

  • Spotlight: Ebola
  • Spotlight: World Health Day 7 April
  • Updates and News on main Outbreaks
    • Priority Infectious Diseases
      • Influenza
      •  VBD, and more
  • One Health
    • Biodiversity and ecosystem
    • Food Security and Safety
    • AMR
    • Health in Emergencies and Disasters
    • Climate Change
    • Urban Health
    • Migration Health
    • Global Health
    • Contact us

     

    Ebola Outbreak Situation

    Ebola cases grow by 37 in 3 days as DRC has record day
    Apr 6 DRC report
    Apr 7 DRC report
    Apr 8 DRC report

    http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective/2019/04/ebola-cases-grow-37-3-days-drc-has-record-day

    Deaths top 700
    The 10 new infections in the DRC today are part of an ongoing surge in activity that followed violence in late February against Ebola treatment centers in Katwa in Butembo. The cases lift the outbreak total to 1,117, and health officials are still investigating 295 suspected cases.
    Seven more people died from Ebola, including 5 in community settings, an occurrence that raises the risk of virus spread. The DRC's fatality count has now reached 702.
    Apr 5 DRC update
    See also WHO Dashboard https://who.maps.arcgis.com/apps/opsdashboard/index.html#/f9003796864241b99d21474025f3667e
     

    Ebola Virus Disease outbreak – situation overview DG ECHO Daily Map | 04/04/2019
    https://erccportal.jrc.ec.europa.eu/ercmaps/20190404_DailyMap_DRC_NordKivu_Ebola.pdf

     

    Rwanda to vaccinate Front-line health-workers against Ebola
    https://www.afro.who.int/news/press-release-rwanda-vaccinate-front-line-health-workers-against-ebola
     
    Intradermal Ebola Vaccine Candidate Shows 100% Seroractivity After 2 Doses
     Intradermal administration of a DNA Ebola vaccine candidate using electroporation showed improvements over intramuscular administration in a recent study that found the new approach to Ebola prevention to be well-tolerated and effective.
    Go to article
     

    Vaccines alone won’t beat Ebola
    https://mg.co.za/article/2019-04-05-00-vaccines-alone-wont-beat-ebola
     
    Control of Ebola virus disease outbreaks: comparison of health care worker-targeted and community vaccination strategies
    Download PDF
     

    2017 DRC Ebola event tied to novel strain as current outbreak grows
    http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective/2019/04/2017-drc-ebola-event-tied-novel-strain-current-outbreak-grows
    See also: Apr 3 J Infect Dis abstract
    Feb 20 CIDRAP News story "Ebola vaccine to be given to pregnant, lactating women"
     
    Understanding Ebola virus and other zoonotic transmission risks through human–bat contacts: Exploratory study on knowledge, attitudes and practices in Southern Cameroon
    https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/zph.12563
     

    World Health Day

    World Health Day
    7 April 2019
    Universal health coverage is WHO’s number one goal. Key to achieving it is ensuring that everyone can obtain the care they need, when they need it, right in the heart of the community. Progress is being made in countries in all regions of the world. But millions of people still have no access at all to health care. Millions more are forced to choose between health care and other daily expenses such as food, clothing and even a home.  
    This is why WHO is focusing on universal health coverage for this year’s World Health Day, on 7 April.
    Campaign essentials
    https://www.who.int/campaigns/world-health-day/world-health-day-2019
     

    Priority Diseases

    Keeping Work with Select Agents Safe, Secure.
    Although potentially dangerous, work with select agents and toxins provides important scientific discoveries that have led to improved detection, prevention, diagnostic, and treatment options for diseases. Select agents and toxins are also considered to be some of the most threatening to the health and safety of people, plants and animals.
    (CDC Public Health Matters Blog, 4/1/19)
     
    A Mysterious Infection, Spanning the Globe in a Climate of Secrecy
    Last May, an elderly man was admitted to the Brooklyn branch of Mount Sinai Hospital for abdominal surgery. A blood test revealed that he was infected with a newly discovered germ as deadly as it was mysterious. Doctors swiftly isolated him in the intensive care unit. The germ, a fungus called Candida auris, preys on people with weakened immune systems, and it is quietly spreading across the globe. 
    Go to article
     
    Developing a Comprehensive, Adaptive, and International Biosafety and Biosecurity Program for Advanced Biotechnology: The iGEM Experience
    iGEM’s program is forward-leaning, in that it addresses both traditional (pathogen-based) and emerging risks both in terms of new technologies and new risks. It is integrated into the technical work of the competition—with clearly described roles and responsibilities for all members of the community. It operates throughout the life cycle of projects—from project design to future application. It makes use of specific tools to gather and review biosafety and biosecurity information, making it easier for those planning and conducting science and engineering to recognize potential risks and match them with appropriate risk management approaches, as well as for specialists to review this information to identify gaps and strengthen plans.
    Go to article

    CRISPR-Cas Biology and Its Application to Infectious Diseases
    CRISPR-Cas9 technology is now routinely applied for efficient gene editing, contributing to advances in biomedical science. In the past decade, improved understanding of other diverse CRISPR-Cas systems has expanded CRISPR applications, including in the field of infectious diseases. In this review, we summarize the biology of CRISPR-Cas systems and discuss existing and emerging applications to evaluate mechanisms of host-pathogen interactions, to develop accurate and portable diagnostic tests, and to advance the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases.
    Go to article

    Call for Abstracts and Funding Initiative
    ESCAIDE 2019 On behalf of our partners at the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), we would like to announce that the 2019 European Scientific Conference on Applied Infectious Disease Epidemiology (#ESCAIDE) is accepting abstracts until May 8. More information. https://www.escaide.eu/en/presenters/call-abstracts
    In addition, ECDC is offering its Funding Initiative again this year, offering support to early-career public health professionals who wish to attend ESCAIDE but are unable to obtain sufficient funds.The application process will be open from 13 May to 14 June 2019.
    Learn more at https://www.escaide.eu/en/presenters/funding-opportunities
     
    Funding Opportunity
    Strengthening Applied Epidemiology and Sustainable International Public Health Capacity through the Field Epidemiology Training Programs.
    The long-term purpose of this NOFO is to improve surveillance, detection, response capability and health security across the globe.Recipients may apply to expand efforts under all strategies and activities within the scope of this NOFO, however, special consideration will be given to applicants for the following countries and activities listed.This program addresses the “Healthy People 2020” focus areas to improve public health and strengthen US national security through global disease detection, response, prevention, and control strategies.
    (Grants.gov, 4/5/19)
     

    Influenza
     
    H7N9 Avian Influenza Reported in Gansu, China: 1st Human Case of 2019
    Officials with the National Health Commission in China have reported the first human case of avian influenza A this year in Gansu. The male patient from Jiuquan, aged 82, has been hospitalized and is in serious condition.
    Go to article
     
    Fighting the Flu: The Quest for a Better Vaccine
    2018 was a bad year for influenza. In the United States alone, 80,000 people died and nearly one million people were hospitalized as a result of the virus, according to the CDC. It was the worst year since the last pandemic occurred in 2009. While 2019 is thus far appearing to be less severe, the impact of the flu still remains large.
    Go to article
     
    PIP Framework Presentation on the Sharing of Influenza viruses & access to vaccines and other benefits
    (11 March 2019 Information Session on Decision EB144(6))
    Download
     
     
    Request for information
    In March 2019, WHO launched the Global Influenza Strategy for 2019–2030,
    which includes a high-level outcome for the development of better global tools for the prevention, detection, control and treatment of influenza. To advance activities related to this high-level outcome, WHO is requesting information on global, regional and national organizations, initiatives and consortia that aim to advance development and innovation for influenza vaccines, diagnostics, antivirals and treatments. If your organization has this role, please send a short description to influenza@who.int by 26 April 2019.
     
    WEBINAR
    Introduction to the Pandemic Influenza Vaccine Campaign Planning Tool.
    This presentation will cover the use and functionality of the new interactive pandemic influenza vaccine campaign planning tool (PanVax). The tool is designed to help jurisdictions estimate pandemic influenza vaccination administration capacity, as highlighted in Domain 4 of the Public Health Emergency Preparedness (PHEP) Notice of Funding Opportunity, and improve their pandemic influenza vaccine campaign planning for the general public.
    (NACCHO, 4/2019)
     

     
    VBD

    Capturing Mosquito Waste Could Speed Up Virus Detection
    Public health officials could soon be able to detect viruses in mosquitoes in the wild much more quickly and easily--thanks to the insect equivalent of a urine test.
    Go to article
     
    Malaria treatment during pregnancy
    a trial compares intermittent preventive treatment with dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine as an alternative to sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine.
    Read this Article
     

    Eliminating malaria: evidence, impact and policy
    Tue 30 April
    While more countries in Asia are moving closer to malaria elimination, progress and perceived challenges vary by context. This event will explore key findings from the new Malaria Futures for Asia report commissioned by Novartis Social Business and share the latest research from LSHTM’s Malaria Centre. A panel discussion will follow. 
    Read More →
     

    Congenital Zika Syndrome May Be Linked to Severe Forms of Cerebral Palsy, Study Finds
    https://cerebralpalsynewstoday.com/2019/04/08/congenital-zika-syndrome-linked-severe-cp-forms/
     

    Machine Learning Helps Identify Primate Species Likely to Spread Zika
    https://www.contagionlive.com/news/machine-learning-helps-identify-primate-species-likely-to-spread-zika
     
    ================
    ASF

    ASF Asia Update for 5 April from FAO/EMPRES - Animal Health.
    http://www.fao.org/ag/againfo/programmes/en/empres/ASF/Situation_update.html    
     
    China Reports First African Swine Fever Outbreak in Tibet  
    China’s agriculture ministry late on Sunday confirmed the first outbreak of African swine fever in the country’s Tibet Autonomous Region. The disease was found in two counties and one district of the city of Linzhi, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs said in a statement.
    Go to article
     
    ===========
    TB

    Eliminating Tuberculosis within a generationA world free of Tuberculosis is possible by 2045 if increased political will and financial resources are directed towards priority areas, according to a new Lancet Commission on TB. LSHTM was one of 37 commissioners who contributed to the work. 
    Read More →
     
    ==========
    Measles
     
    CDC Confirms 78 New Measles Cases; US on Track for Record Year
    The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recorded 78 more measles cases in the last week, a sign that ongoing outbreaks in several states are growing. The 2019 total number of cases has jumped to 465 in 19 states, as Florida, Indiana, Massachusetts, and Nevada all reported their first cases of the year last week.
    Go to article
     
    Measles Case Confirmed in Baltimore County
    The Maryland Department of Health has confirmed a measles case in a Maryland resident. The department cautions others who may have been exposed to be aware of symptoms. According to the department, anyone who visited 4000 Old Court Road in Pikesville on Tuesday in Baltimore County may have been exposed to measles. The possible exposure times were from 9 a.m. to 1 p.m. 
    Go to article

    Measles in Hong Kong rising, Continued Spread Possible
    There is an upsurge of measles cases in Hong Kong in 2019 with the occurrence of an outbreak at the Hong Kong International Airport starting in March. With the addition of seven new cases Thursday, two being employees at HKIA, the total has grown to 50 cases, a number not seen in years. Of the 50 patients, 23 worked at the airport. This compares with the nine, four and 15 cases in the whole year of 2016, 2017 and 2018 respectively.
    Go to article
     
    ==================
     
    Polio
     

    WHO condemns killing of polio worker in Pakistan
    http://www.emro.who.int/pak/pakistan-news/who-condemns-killing-of-polio-worker-in-pakistan.html

    Surveillance to Track Progress Toward Polio Eradication — Worldwide, 2017–2018https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/68/wr/mm6813a4.htm
     

    Polio case confirmed in Afghanistan as WHO group discusses eradication
    The Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) today in its weekly update said Afghanistan has reported one more wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV) case, which occurred in Shahid-e-Hassas district in Uruzgan province, located in the central part of the country. In other developments, the World Health Organization (WHO) Strategic Advisory Group of Experts (SAGE) on Immunization, at its meeting in Geneva this week, discussed issues related to the last stages of polio eradication. At a media telebriefing today, Kate O'Brien, MD, MPH, who directs the WHO's department of immunization, vaccines, and biologicals, said that, pending no changes, health officials anticipate Nigeria will be certified as free of wild poliovirus this year and that worldwide eradication of wild poliovirus type 3 will be certified.
    Apr 5 GPEI weekly update
     

    One Health  

    Mining sewage for fertilisers and energy to prevent water shortages
    https://horizon-magazine.eu/article/mining-sewage-fertilisers-and-energy-prevent-water-shortages.html
     

     
    Biodiversity and Ecosystem
     

    Pesticides and antibiotics polluting streams across Europe
    https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2019/apr/08/pesticides-antibiotics-polluting-streams-europe-wildlife
     

    New maps show where humans are pushing species closer to extinction
    The biggest drivers of global biodiversity loss are hunting, harvesting, and the conversion of natural habitats for agriculture, urbanisation, and other industrial activity. However, our understanding of where these ‘threats’ actually impact sensitive species is extremely limited across Earth. Here, we map the distribution of threats within the known ranges of 5,457 terrestrial birds, mammals, and amphibians globally.
    https://news.mongabay.com/2019/03/new-maps-show-where-humans-are-pushing-species-closer-to-extinction/
    Read the study here https://journals.plos.org/plosbiology/article?id=10.1371/journal.pbio.3000158
     
     
    Why a global insect decline affects us all- Insects crucial for ecosystem functioning and food production
    A comprehensive review of insect declines around the world gives a stark picture of the scale of the declines and the consequences both for ecology and human welfare. The paper, published in Biological Conservation, warns that 40% of the world’s insect species could become extinct within a few decades under current trends. And the loss of this diversity could lead to dramatic increases in pest insects which harm food production and human health.
    Read more>>>
     
     
    Changing land use driving biodiversity loss- Increasing impact driven by population and economic growth
    Biodiversity and ecosystem service losses driven by land-use change are expected to intensify as a growing and more affluent global population requires more agricultural and forestry products, and teleconnections in the global economy lead to increasing remote environmental responsibility. Even though technological advances are making agriculture ever more efficient, the growing number of people makes up for these successes. A new study published in Nature Ecology and Evolution shows how population and economic growth are resulting in increasing total impacts on bird diversity and carbon sequestration globally, despite a reduction of land-use impacts per unit of gross domestic product (GDP). It is suggested that as many as 121 bird species may become extinct in the future if there is no change to current land use.
    Read more>>>
     

    “Dead corals don’t make babies”
    The unprecedented back-to-back mass bleaching events that have hit Australia’s Great Barrier Reef are also destroying the reef’s ability to reproduce. So many adult corals died from heat stress in 2016 and 2017 that too few larvae were produced to seed the damaged areas with new coral. Also at risk are the thousands of other species that rely on the reef. “There's only one way to fix this problem,” says coral researcher Terry Hughes, "and that's to tackle the root cause of global heating by reducing net greenhouse gas emissions to zero as quickly as possible.”
    CNN | 9 min read
    Reference: Nature paper
     

     
    Food Security and Safety

    "Health effects of dietary risks in 195 countries, 1990–2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017,"
    In 2017, 11 million deaths and 255 million DALYs were attributable to dietary risk factors. High intake of sodium (3 million deaths and 70 million DALYs), low intake of whole grains (3 million deaths and 82 million DALYs), and low intake of fruits (2 million deaths and 65 million DALYs) were the leading dietary risk factors for deaths and DALYs globally and in many countries.
    https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(19)30041-8/fulltext
     
     
    Global report on food crises 2019
    This Global Report on Food Crises (GRFC) contributes to humanitarian development efforts by providing the global and national food security community and members of the Global Network Against Food Crises (GNAFC) with timely, independent and consensus-based information on the severity, magnitude and drivers of food insecurity and malnutrition in food crisis contexts.
    http://fsinplatform.org/global-report-food-crises-2019
     

    Event
    Register today for the International Institute for Sustainable Development’s (IISD) webinar taking place April 17 at 10:00am ET / 4:00pm CEST on gender equality and women’s empowerment in agriculture.
    These challenges are the focus of our report, Leveraging Voluntary Sustainability Standards for Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture: A Guide for Development Organizations Based on the Sustainable Development Goals.
    During the April 17 webinar, experts will highlight some of these concerns and explore how leveraging voluntary sustainability standards can support gender equality and women’s empowerment in agriculture.
     

    The FAO/WHO/WTO International Forum on Food Safety and Trade

    23-24 April 2019 ¦ Geneva, Switzerland
    Continuing the discussions from the Addis Conference, the Geneva Forum will address the trade-related aspects and challenges of food safety. The food safety priorities set by this Conference will facilitate global collaboration and help ensure that no one is left behind.
    Draft program: https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/resources/draft-programme-geneva.pdf
    Registration by 8 April https://wto.formstack.com/forms/fao_who_wto_international_forum_on_food_safety_and_trade
     

    Livestock

    Where's the beef? Drought-parched Botswana struggles to keep cattle culture alive
    http://news.trust.org/item/20190405014954-qfx48/
     

    A new project is launched to support climate-smart livestock strategies and investments in East Africa
    https://livestocksystems.ilri.org/2019/03/22/a-new-project-is-launched-to-support-climate-smart-livestock-strategies-and-investments-in-east-africa/
     

     
    AMR
     

    Special Issue: Antimicrobial Resistance from Food Animal Production
    The Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences has published a special open-access issue on AMR from food animal production:
    https://nyaspubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/toc/17496632/2019/1441/1
     

    Special Issue: "Tackling Challenges Associated with Antibiotic Resistance: Social, Economic and Policy Perspectives". https://www.mdpi.com/journal/antibiotics/special_issues/social_economic_policy

    Antimicrobial resistance in a One Health context: exploring complexities, seeking solutions, and communicating risks
    https://doi.org/10.1111/nyas.14057
     

    WHO/UNICEF WASH in health care facilities: practical steps to achieve universal access to quality care.
    https://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/publications/wash-in-health-care-facilities/en/.
     

    The Challenge of Antimicrobial Resistance: What Economics Can Contribute
    Antimicrobial resistance is increasing, driven by widespread antibiotic use. The wide availability of effective antibiotics is under threat, jeopardizing modern health care. Forecasts of the economic costs are similar to those of a 2°C rise in global average surface temperature, above preindustrial levels. AMR is becoming an urgent priority for policy-makers, and pressure is mounting to secure international commitments to tackle the problem.
    Go to article

    The stealthy spread of drug-resistant fungi
    The Candida auris fungus is deadly, impervious to major antifungal medications — and on the move. Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City had to partially destroy a room where a patient died from the fungus last May; the Royal Brompton Hospital in London shut down its intensive-care ward for 11 days in 2016 because of the fungus. The New York Timesexplores the secretive panic playing out in hospitals around the world — and how farming’s fungicide addiction might be to blame.
    The New York Times | 15 min read
     

    Surveillance and One Health stewardship initiatives in Tanzania
    The American Society for Microbiology, in collaboration with the Fleming Fund, will partner with the Southern Africa Centre for Infectious Disease Surveillance and Africare to strengthen AMR surveillance and One Health stewardship initiatives in Tanzania.
    https://www.asm.org/Press-Releases/ASM-Helps-Tanzania-Combat-Antimicrobial-Resistance
     

    BBC video on Malawi’s antibiotic crisis
    In Malawi, where healthcare provision is stretched, hospital doctors say their work is becoming increasingly difficult. This BBC video features Dr Watipaso Kasambara (National Coordinator AMR, Malawi) on Malawi’s antibiotic crisis. "All of us are to blame. We have in one way or another accelerated the problem and we have contributed to increasing rates of antibiotic resistance."
    https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/av/world-africa-47747400/malawi-s-antibiotics-crisis-why-the-drugs-don-t-work-for-some
     

    What drives inappropriate use of antibiotics? A mixed methods study from Bahawalpur, Pakistan.
    In this survey of 400 people who visited community pharmacies in Pakistan to purchase antibiotics that 56.6% believed that antibiotics could cure any type of infection, 32.3% obtained the appropriate dosage, and 92.3% did not complete the course.
    https://www.dovepress.com/what-drives-inappropriate-use-of-antibiotics-a-mixed-methods-study-fro-peer-reviewed-article-IDR

    Overuse and misuse of antibiotics – a problem driven by the world’s poor and rich alike
    https://clippings.ilri.org/2019/04/08/overuse-and-misuse-of-antibiotics-a-problem-driven-by-the-worlds-poor-and-rich-alike/

    Stewardship / Resistance Scan for Apr 05, 2019

    • Animal antibiotics legislation
    • Panning prophylactic azithromycin
    • Staphylococcus breakpoints
    • Antibiotics for flu in young kids
    • Pediatric C diff risk factors

    More »
     

    Stewardship / Resistance Scan for Apr 04, 2019

    • Stewardship in nursing homes
    • US MDR-TB treatment

    More »
     

    Call for papers
    PLOS announced a call for papers on AMR for a special collection to be published later this year , to be submitted by 28 June 2019. https://collections.plos.org/s/antimicrobial-resistance
     

    Upcoming webinar
    The next WASH in Healthcare Facilities Initiative webinar, entitled "National Action on WASH in HCF: Experiences from UNICEF Tanzania" will take place on Wednesday, April 17th at 9:00am EDT. Register here for this webinar:https://zoom.us/webinar/register/WN_t-tBM6RFTYSjMrbzh8oK-Q
     

    Emergencies and Disasters
     

    WHO AFRO - Outbreaks and Emergencies Bulletin - Week 14/2019
    The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 67 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:

    • Ebola virus disease outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
    • Cyclone Idai in Southern Africa (Mozambique, Zimbabwe and Malawi)
    • Humanitarian crisis in Cameroon
    • Humanitarian crisis in Ethiopia.

    https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/311779/OEW14-0107042019.pdf
     
     
    Harnessing Multilateral Financing for Health Security Preparedness.
    The economic consequences of large-scale disease outbreaks can be enormous: pandemics could cause $570 billion per year in average economic losses over the coming decades. Recent data demonstrates most countries would need to spend approximately $0.50-$1.50 per person per year to get an acceptable level of epidemic preparedness.
    (CSIS, 4/3/19)
     

    Cyclone Idai

    Siterep: Tropical Cyclone IDAI (Preliminary data: as of 7th April 2019)
    https://reliefweb.int/report/mozambique/siterep-tropical-cyclone-idai-preliminary-data-7th-april-2019-enpt

    Cholera Cases in Beira city, and distribution of CTC/CTU in Sofala province (27 March to 04 April)
    https://www.humanitarianresponse.info/en/operations/mozambique/infographic/04-04-2019-cholera-cases-beira-and-ctcctus
     

    Combating Cholera in Mozambique
    Thousands of people received the oral cholera vaccine today as part of a six-day emergency vaccination campaign run by the Ministry of Health in Mozambique to help prevent spread of cholera.
    Go to article
     
    In Need of Blankets, Pain Killers, Pill Refills: Life After Cyclone Idai
    Cyclone Idai was a major disaster. When it struck southeastern Africa on March 14, the storm destroyed more than 18,000 homes. The UN estimates that over 130,000 people are still in temporary shelters. The death toll is now 598 and expected to rise as officials reach remote areas to assess the damage. And in the wake of the storm, over 2,000 cases of cholera have been reported so far.
    Go to article

    Mozambique — Tropical Cyclone Idai Map, Displacement Population Evolution (28 March — 5 April 2019)IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix is monitoring in and out flows of current IDPs sites in conjunction with Government of Mozambique / INGC. The map and table shows the number of individuals displaced evolution, as well as the current status of these sites in Beira city.
    DTM will update this map in a daily basis to better understand the displacement movements.
    https://displacement.iom.int/reports/mozambique-%E2%80%94-tropical-cyclone-idai-map-displacement-population-evolution-28-march-%E2%80%94-3-0

    After floods drench eastern Zimbabwe, water shortages parch Harare
    Climate change is bringing more weather extremes, and Zimbabwe this year is suffering from opposite crises at once: floods and drought
    http://news.trust.org/item/20190407064035-469ze/
     

    Flood-hit Iran getting no financial aid from abroad due to U.S. sanctions -statement
    U.S. sanctions have prevented the Iranian Red Crescent from obtaining any foreign financial aid to assist victims of flooding that has killed at least 70 people and inundated some 1,900 communities, the group said on Sunday.
    http://news.trust.org/item/20190407142336-u2lil/
     
    Hurricane Season is approaching. Here’s the First 2019 Outlook from Scientists
    It has been just four months since the last hurricane season ended, but it’s already time to look ahead to the next. June 1 marks the traditional starting date, and Colorado State University’s hurricane research team released its initial predictions for the upcoming season Thursday morning.
    Go to article
     
    Donations Management: Handling the Second Disaster
    Warehouses were filling up with hundreds of thousands of dollars’ worth of donations from the American people. Buckets, water, clothing, picks, shovels, teddy bears, etc. We literally had everything.
    Go to article
     

    Climate Change

    The State of Global Air report 2019
    http://stateofglobalair.org/sites/default/files/soga_2019_report.pdf

    Rapid global switch to renewable energy estimated to save millions of lives globally
    Polluted air significantly elevates the risk of cardiovascular and respiratory diseases. Reducing air pollution could prevent millions of premature deaths, and improve food security and access to water for people in parts of Africa.
    Read More →

    Medical schools must prepare students to work in a world altered by climate change
    https://www.statnews.com/2019/03/19/climate-change-medical-school/

    How the Middle East is suffering on the front lines of climate change
    https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2019/04/middle-east-front-lines-climate-change-mena

    Climate change threatens one in three Bangladeshi children

    Worsening storms, sea level rise and other threats could drive worsening poverty, hunger, early marriage and child labour
    http://news.trust.org/item/20190405004718-eejmz/
     

    IEA’s climate models criticised as too fossil-fuel friendly
    Investors say body’s benchmark energy forecasts are not in line with latest science
    https://www.ft.com/content/5c80f102-5535-11e9-91f9-b6515a54c5b1
     

    Re-formed climate panel focuses on adaptation
    A group of researchers has outlined a plan to translate the latest findings in climate science into practical information, such as improved flood maps and building codes. The goal is to help the United States cope with climate change. “It’s really about making science accessible in a mainstream way,” says the panel’s leader, climate scientist Richard Moss. The group had originally come together under the auspices of the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, before being disbanded by President Donald Trump two years ago. It later restarted with funding from New York state, universities and others, and some experts see it as providing the leadership that the federal government won’t.
    Nature | 3 min read
     

    French police tap counter-terrorism unit to quell climate activists
    https://www.climatechangenews.com/2019/04/03/french-police-tap-counter-terrorism-unit-quell-climate-activists/
     

    Australia stops payments to Green Climate Fund
    https://www.climatechangenews.com/2019/04/02/australia-stops-payments-green-climate-fund/
     
     
    Invitation to contribute to a study: 
    Assessing the preparedness of public health systems in African countries to cope with health hazards posed by climate change on human health. The study, involving  Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Namibia, Nigeria and South Africa is now being performed, and inputs from qualified respondents are welcome.
    The survey is divided into four sections: health professional's background information, health professionals’ perceptions and awareness on the impact of climate change on health, their preparedness and the resources availability to deal with climate impacts. The survey instrument can be seen at:
    https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSfwKRR0C0VvlzZuUMpYK8ssh6zIrKidtEZkVcwVpN7GizQeng/viewform
     

    Urban Health

    New model for development: Tackling urban vulnerability
     How can we break this vicious cycle of violence that poses multiple costs to societies? And how can we use urban development to counter violence and crime?
    Blog 
     

    7 reasons for land & property rights to be top of the global agenda
     Secure property rights and efficient land registration institutions are a cornerstone of any modern economy:
    Blog | | #Stand4HerLand Campaign | Conference Website | Land Brief  

    Which Way to Livable and Productive Cities? : A Road Map for Sub-Saharan Africa
    https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/31457

    As sea levels rise, U.N. climbs aboard floating-cities push
    A U.N.-backed partnership will study the futuristic prospect of floating cities, looking at how platforms at sea might help bail out coastal cities at risk of flooding due to climate change.
    The partnership plans to build within months a prototype open to the public, which it hopes to dock on the East River next to U.N. headquarters.
    http://news.trust.org/item/20190404144117-s5ri9/

    Estimate emissions at the city scale
    This guide for local governments describes when and how to use a consumption-based emissions inventory.
    Download the guide
     

    Migration Health

    Money transfers from migrant workers were at their highest in 2018 and poised to set a new record in 2019, as remittances are set to become the biggest source of external financing for low- and middle-income countries.
    France24

    Access to health care for migrants in the Greater Mekong Subregion: policies and legal frameworks and their impact on malaria control in the context of malaria elimination
    The launch of the Global compact for safe, orderly and regular migration in December 2018 marked the first-ever United Nations global agreement on a common approach to international migration in all its dimensions. The global compact aims to reduce the risks and vulnerabilities migrants face at different stages of migration, by respecting, protecting and fulfilling their human rights and providing them with care and assistance. A key example of the intersection of the right to health...
    Read more

    Children and adolescents on the move: what does the Global Compact for Migration mean for their health?
    The Lancet Commission on migration and health shows that migration can have huge benefits for the health and wellbeing of populations. Families, children, and adolescents move to seek a new life and escape hardships, such as poverty and conflict. When conditions are optimal, they integrate quickly and successfully into societies. But migration also poses risks, including perilous journeys, people trafficking, and transit and destinations without the basic requirements of nutrition, shelter,...
    Read more
     

    Health of migrants: Resetting the agenda - Report of the 2nd Global Consultation Colombo, Sri Lanka, 21-23 February 2017 (SPANISH)
    The 2017 Global Consultation on Migrant Health was convened as a follow-up to the 1st Global Consultation on Migrant Health, held in 2010, in response to the renewed international attention to the health needs of migrants through agenda-setting on the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals, Universal Health Coverage, and other global health priorities. Informed by the Operational Framework from the 2010 Consultation, Member States, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and the World...
    Read more
     

    Global Health

    WHO kicks off inaugural Partners Forum
    On the heels of its “triple billion” plan, the WHO and its partner organizations are holding an inaugural two-day forumbeginning today to help the agency meet recently set goals. The meeting will bring together some 150 participants, including representatives from the WHO’s member states, academic institutions, and philanthropic organizations. Much of the event will focus on finding ways for the agency to better collaborate with other organizations to get the resources it needs, as well as finding more effective funding mechanisms, especially since the agency’s ambitious $14 billion plan to help 3 billion more people over the next five years will require an extra $10 billion in funding.
    https://www.who.int/news-room/events/inaugural-partners-forum

    Debunking vaccination myths for parents
    https://www.bbc.com/news/health-47787908
     

    Judge rules New York county can’t ban unvaccinated children from schools, parks
    Ten days after a New York county banned unvaccinated children from public places in an effort to stem the rise of measles cases, a state judge put the injunction on hold. “Children are hereby permitted to return to their respective schools forthwith and otherwise to assemble in public places,” Judge Rolf Thorsen wrote in his Friday decision.
    https://www.washingtonpost.com/national/judge-rules-new-york-county-cant-ban-unvaccinated-children-from-schools-parks/2019/04/06/589ae326-587e-11e9-8ef3-fbd41a2ce4d5_story.html

    1 in 4 health care facilities lacks basic water services
    https://www.who.int/news-room/detail/03-04-2019-1-in-4-health-care-facilities-lacks-basic-water-services-unicef-who
     

    World Bank’s Executive Directors Select David Malpass 13th President of the World Bank Group
    The Executive Directors of the World Bank today unanimously selected David R. Malpass as President of the World Bank Group for a five-year term beginning on Tuesday, April 9, 2019. The Board expressed its deep gratitude to Interim President Kristalina Georgieva for her dedication and leadership in recent months. Mr. Malpass previously served as Under Secretary of the Treasury for International Affairs for the United States.
     Read More
     

    Populist politics and vaccine hesitancy in Western Europe: an analysis of national-level data
    https://academic.oup.com/eurpub/advance-article/doi/10.1093/eurpub/ckz004/5364298
     

    Mapping diphtheria-pertussis-tetanus vaccine coverage in Africa, 2000–2016: a spatial and temporal modelling study
    https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(19)30226-0/fulltext

    The Transformation Agenda of the World Health Organization secretariat in the African region 2015–2020: Taking stock consolidating and stepping up
    https://www.afro.who.int/publications/transformation-agenda-world-health-organization-secretariat-african-region-2015-2020-0

    Philanthrocapitalism: Promoting Global Health but Failing Planetary Health
    Focusing on the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, this paper explores the relationship between philanthrocapitalism, economic history, and global and planetary health. The Wellcome Trust is also briefly discussed. In the last 45 years neoliberalism has increased inequality in many high-income settings and weakened taxation norms, providing a setting for philanthrocapitalism to flourish. This partly balances the harm of neoliberalism. However, both organizations remain insufficiently proactive in the face of the great dangers associated with declining planetary health.
    https://www.mdpi.com/2078-1547/10/1/24
     

    Facing escalating workplace violence, hospital employees have had enough. 
    NPR
     

     

     

     

    Knowledge sharing

    We welcome receiving your reports, articles and studies to share widely within our network.
    Please contact Dr. Chadia Wannous via email at cwannous@yahoo.com 

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